Principles and Techniques

The rules and principles of Krav-Maga are more important than the techniques. A technique can help in a particular situation, but a principle can help you find your way in the infinity of variations in the real life. Many techniques you'll forget in time, but the rules and principles will guide you in all aspects of your life.

Simbol triunghi în cerc

Imi Lichtenfeld characterized Krav-Maga as being stability in motion and plotted this by a triangle framed by a circle. The circle symbolizes the dynamism and the continuous approach of the aggressor (to enter into the aggressor = le hikaness - in Hebrew) and the triangle symbolizes own stability (to stay = le hishaer - in Hebrew). Only the optimal combination of these two features ensures maximum chances of success.

Currently, our school is the only in the world that uses this symbol and the expression stability in motion in its name: Krav-Maga Stability in Motion. Understanding the two concepts (stability and motion) and the way of combining them is the key to Krav-Maga's efficiency.

Rules

The most important rules in Krav-Maga are:

  1.  Use a specific defense for a specific attack.
  2.  Minimum way, maximum speed and power for strikes.
  3.  No movement will be strange to your body and mind.
  4.  Do what you can, but do it right. There are no shortcuts.

Principles

We always recommend the avoidance of physical conflicts at all costs. The general principles described below relate to situations where the physical conflict could not be avoided and your health or your life are in danger.

  • In Krav-Maga the concepts "fight" and "rules" do not exists. We avoid the physical conflicts as much as possible, but once we decided to act, we will continue to attack until the danger is neutralized, without giving the aggressor the opportunity to fight back. Normally, the physical confrontation should last no more than a few seconds...
  • We must be prepared to deal with multiple aggressors, in the most adverse environments. We must have a distributive attention and to properly assess the priority of the threats around. We will remove individual aggressors as soon as possible, so that we have time to deal with the others. We will avoid to reach the ground because we expose ourselves too much and our mobility and our options become very limited.
  • We must be prepared to deal with a stronger, faster and more technical aggressor. No matter how much we prepare physicaly, our strength, endurance and speed are limited. The most important weapon is our mind, not our body. To prevent injuries we will not block in force the attacks of the aggressors. We will not try to resist the force of the aggressor. We will not reveal our knowledge and intentions, using the surprise to our advantage. Not being bound by any rule, we will attack the most sensitive areas of the aggressor, to achieve the maximum effectiveness of each action.
  • There is no defense without attack. Otherwise we are offering to the aggressor new opportunities to hurt us. We will always approach the aggressor, thus taking the initiative and the control of actions.

Besides these general principles there are many principles specific to certain techniques of Krav-Maga. These principles are taught together with the techniques and allows you to find your way in situations where the real aggressions are not identical with those for which you have practiced the defenses.

Techniques

In Krav-Maga, for each threat there are several defenses, attacks or combined actions. The following are just groups of techniques, each including 1-12 different techniques. In case of repeating groups, at higher belts are taught new techniques, more complex or with higher destructive potential. We omitted intentionally some techniques existing in Krav-Maga, especially at higher belts.

We teach defenses to all possible aggressions: punches, kicks, grabs of body and clothing, strangulations and hugs, attacks with weapons and firearms etc.

We cover all possible situations: one or more attackers, in open or closed spaces, standing or on the ground, at short distance or against the attacker etc.

Our school teaches unchanged the techniques and principles created by the founder of Krav-Maga, Imi Lichtenfeld.

The instructor will teach the techniques in the order that he considers to be optimal for the development of students, regardless of the differentiation of techniques or students depending on the belts. Thus, in certain situations, a beginner can learn techniques from upper belts. The advanced students will constantly repeat the basic techniques, too.

The groups of techniques are presented in the order that must be learned in order to obtain colored belts. Between brackets are the names of the groups of techniques in Hebrew.

Yellow Belt

  • falls [blimot]
  • roles over [gilgulim]
  • basic fight positions [amidat]
  • sensible points [limud lecodotota]
  • movements [tezuzot]
  • fist punches [makot egrof]
  • hook punches [makot magal]
  • uppercut [makat snokeret]
  • hammer punch [makat patish]
  • elbow punches [makot marpek]
  • zirtit punches [makot zirtit]
  • punches with the palm and the hand [makot kaf hayad vehayad]
  • regular kiks [beitor regilot]
  • 360 degrees simulator [shlosh meot shishim maalot]
  • releases from hand or hands grips [shichrur metfisot yad veyadaim]
  • releases from strangulations from the front [shichrurim mehanika melefanim]
  • releases from strangulations from the back [shichrurim mehanika meahor]
  • releases from strangulations from the side [shichrur mehanika mehatzad]

Orange Belt

  • inside defenses [haganot pnimiot]
  • outside defenses [haganot hritzoniyot]
  • defense kicks [beitot hagana]
  • sakin kicks [beitot sakin]
  • regular sikle kicks [beitot magal regila]
  • kicks backwards [beitot leachor]
  • kicks with the heel [beitot akev]
  • releases from a front hug [shichrur havikot melefanim]
  • releases from a back hug [shichrur havikot meachor]
  • police holds [tefisot shoter]
  • roles over [gilgulim]
  • throws
  • slide away from the opponent [hichkamkuyot]

Gren Belt

  • kavaler [kavaler]
  • releases from neck grips [shichrurim metefisot tzavar]
  • releases from shirt grips [shichrurim metefisot hultza]
  • releases from police holds [shichrurim metefisot shoter]
  • Nelson hold [metefisat Nelson]
  • releases from Nelson hold [shichrurim metefisat Nelson]
  • releases from hair grips [shichrurim metefisot sear]
  • releases from both hands gripped behind [shichrurim metefisat yadaim meachor]
  • defenses agains kicks [haganot neged beitot]
  • kicks from sezam [beitot meyeshiva]
  • combined attack kicks [beitat hatkafa meshulevet]
  • side-step technique
  • combined defenses [haganot mesculavot]
  • sakin kicks [beitot sakin]
  • combinations of kicks
  • chasing kicks
  • defense against purse robbing
  • roles over [gilgulim]
  • falls [blimot]
  • self-sacrificing [hakravot]
  • special defenses [tergilei hagana meyuchadim]
  • simulated fights [limud kravot]

Blue Belt

  • defenses against attacks from the front [haganot neged hatkafa melefanim]
  • defenses against kicks [haganot neged beitot]
  • defenses against 2-3 opponents [haganot neged shnaim o shlosha yerivim]
  • flying kicks [beitot benitur]
  • releases on the ground [shichrurim beshkiva]
  • defenses against short / long stick [haganot neged makel katzar / aroch]
  • defenses against knife [haganot neged sakin]
  • defenses against a rifle with bayonet [haganot neged rove mekudan]
  • defenses against gun threat [haganot neged iyum ekdach]
  • the motion circle [galgal hatnua]
  • ...

Brown Belt

  • artistic defenses [targilei tkifa omanutim]
  • attacks with kicks [hatkafot im beitot]
  • jumping kicks [beitot benitur]
  • kicks with the heel [beitot akev]
  • kiks to the back
  • jumping attacks [hatkafot benitur]
  • combined kicks
  • silent attacks [horadat zakif]
  • defenses with sikle kicks backwards [beitat magal leachor neged hatkafa]
  • swipping kicks [beitot betitu]
  • various defenses against attacks with weapons
  • defenses in a car [haganot betoch mechonit]
  • ...

Black Belt

  • artistic defenses [targilei tkifa omanutim]
  • silent attacks
  • elimination of a guard from behind [hishtaltut al adam meachor]
  • defense against the threat with a grenade [targill neged iyum im rimon]
  • defense against the threat with machine guns [hagana neged tamak]
  • defense against two attackers [hagana neged shnei tokfim]
  • releases from shirt grips [shichrurim metefisot hultza]
  • strangulations with the hands and the forearm [hanikot]
  • strangulations with different objets [hanikot]
  • releases from strangulations from the front [shichrurim mehanika melefanim]
  • defenses against punches [haganot neged egrofim]
  • knife against knife [sakin neged sakin]
  • unconventional defenses
  • ...

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